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There are no policies for the labor reintegration of the immigrant population

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Author: 
Laura Morral
Food handling course taught by the Bayt al-Thaqafa Foundation.

Food handling course taught by the Bayt al-Thaqafa Foundation.

The Bayt al-Thaqafa Foundation offers support to immigrants who need to rejoin the labor market.

Immigrants are exposed to a higher risk of discrimination, exploitation and abuses in the workplace due to the economic and social circumstances in which they are. They often work and receive a salary well below the minimum wage, with excessively long days, without weekly rest or without a contract.
That is why, the Bayt al-Thaqafa Foundation through its training itinerary programs offers accompaniment to newcomers or who need to rejoin the labor market. These programs help to define the abilities and potentialities of each person to guide them towards a much more concrete job and work search itinerary.
"We offer a wide range of pre-employment and work-related courses that allow increasing the capacities and competitiveness of people in the labor market", says David Soler, responsible for the program of training itineraries of the Foundation. Among these courses there are job search workshops or how to do the curriculum, etc.
The entity also offers more specific formations such as the 'Order and stock management course, store and truck security', the 'Food Handler Course' and in the next few days will start a new 'Intel Emotional intelligence '. "For the different workshops and training we have done in 2018 more than 400 people have passed", says Soler.
 

More vulnerable profiles

Joana Castro, the person responsible for communication and recruitment of the entity, explains that the profiles of migrants seeking help to look for work are many. As an example, Castro says, the entity can find a profile people, mostly from North Africa, who are young people under guardianship or extorted by the Generalitat, who are in search of their first job and who, if they do not get it quickly, they easily lose their legal status in our country.
"By age and socio-economic situation, it is a profile with little academic qualification, but with a long work life in advance. By deciding to come here and achieve this, they demonstrate an imperative desire to improve their lifes and that of their family nucleus, "says the same person in charge.
Another profile with a vulnerability is women who come alone, mostly Latin American, with family loads in the country of origin or have a minor in their care. "This profile has less racist pressure because language and religion are considered closer. So they have regularized their situation, they usually start a family regrouping procedure", says Soler.
According to the same sources of the entity, in any of the profiles, their needs are many and varied and, in general, they pass, not only because of the necessary and urgent job insertion and a training improvement, but also that of personal empowerment of self-knowledge. "For all this, effective and emotional support is needed that is especially necessary in groups that face multiple exclusion factors, such as gender, origin or administrative situation", Castro adds.
Among the factors that favor this work vulnerability are: dependence on work for debts related to migration, their legal status, reliance on relatives, lack of recognition of their labor rights and labor and immigration legislation of the host country, among others.
To all this, we must add the factors that depend on the country's policies, in a context in which Europe is making a political turn to the right, with a rise in xenophobic discourses. "Spain is at the gates of three elections and will have the opportunity to turn to one side or the other", emphasizes Soler. He adds: "It should be emphasized that many migrants have violated political rights and can not vote and those who vote will decide what work scenario will be for the immigrant community."

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